Phase I study of lurbinectedin (PM11083) in patients with advanced AML and MDS . By MD Anderson // Clinica Mayo ...
The FDA-approved drug trabectedin is a DNA minor groove binder (MGB) with activity against translocation-associated sarcomas. Lurbinectedin is a next-generation MGB, with activity against myeloid leukemia cells. A phase I clinical trial was initiated to determine recommended doses in MDS/AML. Further assessment of its safety, tolerability, and pharmacogenetics were studied.
In total, 42 patients with relapsed/refractory MDS/AML received lurbinectedin, using a 3+3 study design. It was administered as a 1-hour IV infusion first at 3.5, 5, 6, and 7mg per dose on days 1 and 8. Subsequently, it was administered on days 1, 2, and 3, using 1, 1.5, 2, or 3mg per dose per patient.
Three patients had dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs), which were rhabdomyolysis (up to gr 4), hyperbilirubinemia (gr 3), and oral herpes (gr 3). All DLTs occurred in the 6 and 7mg cohorts. Adverse events included febrile neutropenia/infections (n = 3), GI (n = 6) and pulmonary (n = 2) toxicity, hyperhidrosis (n = 1), and QT prolongation (n = 1). Overall, 33 of 42 patients (79%) had reduction of blasts in peripheral blood (PB) or bone marrow (BM) at nadir, including 23 (55%) with > 50% reduction in PB blasts alone (n = 18) or both BM and PB blasts (n = 5). One patient had PR, 2 patients had morphologic leukemia-free survival, and most (n = 30) were discontinued for progressive disease. Early deaths occurred from disease-related causes, not attributable to lurbinectedin. Thirty-two patients treated at MD Anderson were analyzed for clinical characteristics and responses. Notably, among patients with follow-up bone marrow biopsy, those with a cytogenetic abnormality at chromosome 11q21-23 had significantly greater bone marrow blast reduction than those without such abnormality (change in percentage blasts: -31±14% [n = 4] vs. 8±8% [n = 16], respectively; P= 0.04).
Lurbinectedin is generally safe and tolerated at dose levels tested. While no sustained remissions > 3 cycles were observed in these highest-risk patients, single-agent lurbinectedin was transiently leukemia suppressive for some patients, including some with abnormal chr11q or TP53 mutation. Rational combinations and situational uses of lurbinectedin are under consideration.